Some Sociologists argue that from the nuclear family, joint conjugal roles have developed.
Bott identified two types of ways which household jobs can be shared.
|Segregated Roles- Husband and wives lead seperate lives and have distinct roles
Joint roles- Husband and wife are now more flexable and share tasks
Bott made a link between a couples network connections with friends and the domestic division at home.
Loose friendship networks à Joint Conjugal Roles
Close knit friendship networks à Segregated Roles
Willmott and Young (1971)
Willmott and Young saw how the increase in the nuclear family would lead to joint conjugal roles being developed.
Willmott and Young made a prediction that equal and shared responsibilities would be the norm for British families in the future.
Willmott and Young claimed that households having joint conjugal roles was a result from stage two moving to stage three.
W&Y claimed that although the wife still continues to have primary responsibility, 72% of husbands get involved with housework tasks other than washing up.
Oakley argues that men only have to do a few tasks around the house to qualify as having joint roles.
Oakley’s research found that it was rare for men to do a lot of housework. She also saw how 10 minutes washing up for a man was the equivalent to an hour of hoovering for a woman.
All of the above was a critique of Willmott and Young’s study!